There are five
main types of driving license in Malaysia, namely: -
i) Learner's Driving Licence (LDL)
The LDL holders are only permitted to drive vehicle displaying the 'L' plate
owned by driving schools under the supervision of a driving school
instructor. For motorcycle LDL, they are permitted to ride a motorcycle
without a pillion.
The LDL may be renewed every 3 or 6 months to the maximum of 2 years. After
the 2 years due date, the LDL holders may need to start over the entire
driving lesson procedures in order to obtained new LDL .
ii) Probationary Driving Licence (PDL)
Possessed by new drivers who have passed all the driving lesson procedures
and tests. New drivers are subject to the 10-point KEJARA demerit point
system, where points will be deducted according to the types of traffic
infractions. The PDL will be revoked after a PDL holder accumulates 10
demerit points. Probationary drivers are required to display the
probationary license plate (marked with white capital P in square red
background) at the front and back of their vehicle respectively. The PDL may
be upgraded to a full competent driving license (CDL) after 2 years, and a
grace period of a year is given to upgrade the license before the licensee
may need to start over the entire driving lesson procedures.
iii) Competent Driving License (CDL)
A full-fledged driving license being upgraded from the PDL after 2 years.
CDL holders are subject to the 15-point KEJARA system before their license
may be suspended or revoked. CDL may be renewed for every 1, 2, 3 or 5
years. A grace period of three years is given to renew the license before it
lapsed. The CDL holders may need to start over the entire driving lesson
procedures after the license lapsed..
iv) Vocational Driving Licence (VDL) or Commercial Driving License
Special driving license for drivers of commercial vehicles such as buses and
trucks, issued jointly by the Road Transport Department (JPJ) and the
Commercial Vehicle Licensing Board (LPKP).
v) International Driving Permit (IDP)
International Driving Permit allowed Malaysian to drive outside of the
on how to get the International Driving Permit in Malaysia.